History of Hawa Mahal | India

Hawa Mahal Situated at Badi Chaupar in the Pink City of Jaipur, the Hawa Mahal is a symbol of a wonderful blend of the royal heritage, architecture, and culture of the Rajputs. Hawa Mahal is considered to be one of the most ancient buildings in Rajasthan.

The beautifully designed Jaipur Hawa Mahal is one of the most famous tourist attractions in the mahal. Hawa Mahal is also known as the “Palace of Winds” because of the many windows and windows. This five-story building, resembling the crown of Lord Krishna, has 953 vents, resembling beehives, giving a feel of the rich heritage of the Rajputs. Made of red and pink sandstone, the Hawa Mahal is built on the side of the City Palace. The special thing about Hawa Mahal is that it is the tallest building built without any foundation in the world.

Hawa Mahal is one of the great destinations for tourists from India and abroad. Let us tell you that the palace has now become a good shooting point for many Indian and international films as well. In today’s article, we will take you to visit the beautiful Hawa Mahal in Jaipur. In it, you will find the history of Hawa Mahal, its architecture, and how many windows there are in Hawa Mahal. And you will get a chance to get acquainted with interesting facts.

Why is this palace of Jaipur called Hawa Mahal?

Hawa Mahal in Hindi means palace of air. There are 953 small windows and windows in this palace. These windows were made for the entry of fresh air into the palace. The Hawa Mahal was a special place for the Rajputs to seek respite during the hot summer days, as the cool air coming from the vents kept the entire building cool. Hawa Mahal derives its name from the fifth floor here which is called Hawa Mandir.

History of Hawa Mahal of Jaipur

Hawa mahal located in Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan, Hawa mahal was built by Sawai Pratap Singh, grandson of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh, in the year 1799. He was so impressed by the Khetri Mahal built by Maharaja Bhupal Singh in Jhunjhunu city of Rajasthan that he got the Hawamahal constructed. It was built as an extension of the Royal City Palace.

The main purpose of the construction of this beautiful Hawa Mahal, adorned with fine lattice windows and curtained balconies, was to allow the royal Rajput women of royal Jaipur to watch the street celebrations through the windows. At that time women followed the purdah system and avoided appearing in public to get a glimpse of the daily events.

With the help of these vents, his face felt the cold air and his face remained very cool even in the scorching sun, which was also a secret of his beauty. This is how they could enjoy the feeling of freedom from these vents while maintaining their customs. Let us tell you that there are a total of 953 windows and windows in this palace built especially for the queens. Also, it was no less than a 5-star hotel. In there were all the luxury facilities along with dancing and singing for the guests.

The Architecture of Hawa Mahal

The architecture of the temple – Hawa Mahal When the Hawa Mahal was ready, its outer and inner beauty was made to be seen. This five-story building is 87 feet high. Sometimes like a crown, the way it shrinks after the fourth and fifth floors, it gives the impression of a pyramid-like shape. Hawa Mahal is one such unique wonderful building, in which Mughal and Rajput style is established. Lal Chand Ustad was the architect of the five-story pyramidal palace with a height of 15 meters.

Despite having 5 stories, even today the Hawa Mahal stands upright. The design of the building reflects an exquisite blend of Hindu Rajput architectural art with Islamic Mughal architecture. It is said that Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh was a great devotee of Krishna, his devotion is reflected in the design of the palace structure, which looks exactly like the crown of Lord Krishna. The Hawa Mahal Jaipur has 953 carved windows, some of which are made of wood. These vents were constructed in such a way that in summer the whole building remains cool through fresh air.

The flower leaf work on the walls of Jaipur Hawa Mahal is a unique specimen of Rajput craftsmanship. Also, the Mughal-style carvings done on stones are a unique example of Mughal craft. There is a Sharad temple on the first floor for the festivals. While the Ratan Mandir is built on the second floor of Hawa Mahal. Which is decorated with glasswork. On the other three floors, the Vichitra Mandir, Prakash Mandir, Hawa Mandir, and the pink city of Jaipur will have different shades.

There is no front door to the Hava Mahala, but a royal gate from the side of the City Palace leads to the entrance of Hawa Mahal. Here three two-story buildings surround a large courtyard on three sides. On the eastern side of which is the Hawa Mahal. The courtyard currently houses an Archaeological Museum. The interior of the palace also consists of passages and pillars leading to the upper story.

Information about Hawa Mahal

The first two stories of the palace have courtyards, and the width of the remaining three stories is equal to that of a room. The special thing is that there are no stairs in the building and only the ramp is used to go up. After 50 years, in the year 2006, the entire Hawa Mahal was renovated. Then the price of the building was said to be 4568 million. The corporate sector of Jaipur took the responsibility for the renovation of Hawa Mahal. But then later the Unit Trust of India took the responsibility of repairing the Hawa Mahal.

How was Hawa Mahal built?

The construction material used in making the Hawa Mahal is a different story. The walls of the Hawa Mahal made of jaggery, fenugreek, and jute were crushed with lime and gravel, and lime and jaggery were added to its pulp. And after this, lightly peeled jute and fenugreek were ground and ground in the form of powder, and windows were made from this spice. The conch shell, coconut, gum, and the upper part of the egg (shell) were also used in different places in construction material. When Pratap Singh heard the praise of the palace, Lalchand called Usta and gave a village near Jaipur as a reward. This Hawa Mahal, built in 1779, was erected by Lalchand Usta by employing two hundred artisans.

Some interesting facts about Jaipur Hawa Mahal

Hawa Mahal was built by the Maharaja of Amber “Sawai Pratap Singh”. The purpose of building the Hawa Mahal was for women. Women were able to enjoy the festivities from the windows of the palace. In summer, Rajput women used to come to the palace. The palace was specially built for the royal ladies. There used to be games of puppetry and chess. Hawa Mahal building is made of 5 floors. There are a total of 953 windows in the Hawa Mahal, which are like windows of air. For this reason, it is called Hawa Mahal.

The temple is being constructed on the five floors of Hawa Mahal. This building is named after the Hawa Mandir situated on the fifth floor. Vichitra Mandir, Prakash Mandir, Ratan Mandir, and Sharad Mandir on the first floor are built on other floors. There is a courtyard on the first two floors of Hawa Mahal. Water fountains are also installed in the courtyard which adds to its majestic splendor. Hawa Mahal was built in 1799 AD by the architect “Lal Chand Ustad”.

The palace is built entirely of “reddish pink sandstone” and limestone. This palace is built like the crown of Lord Krishna. Hawa Mahal is a mixture of Mughal and Rajputana styles. From the outside, it looks like a beehive. Hawa Mahal is a five-story building built in the shape of a pyramid. The height of one floor of Hawa Mahal height is 15 m. The width of the upper story of this palace is only 1.5 feet.

The architecture of the palace

This is not the foundation of a windy palace. The world’s largest palace without a foundation is a specimen of fine workmanship. There are carvings of flowers on the walls of Hawa Mahal. The Mughal and Rajput styles are reflected on the pillars and windows. To enter it, the door is not in the front but on the backside. To get inside, you have to go through the City Palace.

There is no staircase to go to the upper floors in Hawa Mahal. There is a sloping ramp for climbing. Hawa Mahal is a part of the City Palace located at Badi Chaupar in the city of Jaipur. If you come to Jaipur, then definitely see Hawa Mahal. The windows of Hawa mahal Rajasthan have a domed structure. Cold air comes from the windows of the palace. The palace was constructed with red-pink sandstone and reflects the Mughal and Rajasthani styles of architecture.

This beautiful architectural specimen of Rajasthan is set in the heart of Jaipur. The Hawa Mahal is built in the shape of a head crown, which looks like the crown of Lord Krishna’s head. It is said that Sawai Pratap Singh had great devotion towards Lord Krishna, due to which he gave this palace the shape of his crown.

Meaning and use of the palace

Hawa Mahal literally means the palace of the air. There are about 953 small windows (windows) in this palace which were made for the constant entry of air into the palace. In the olden days, Rajput families used to reside in this palace for respite during the summer days. It is one of the main attractions of Jaipur. The Hawa Mahal was specially built for the women of the Rajput family, from whose windows they could see the daily life of the city without any hesitation or hesitation.

Hawa Mahal Repair and Renovation

The archaeological department of the Government of Rajasthan maintains the Hawa Mahal Jaipur. In the year 2005, after a long gap of about 50 years, the palace was renovated and renovated on a large scale, at an estimated cost of Rs 45679 lakh. Some corporate houses are also now coming forward to maintain Jaipur’s archaeological monuments, an example being the “Unit Trust of India” which took the lead in maintaining the Hawa Mahal.

Jaipur to Hawa Mahal

The archaeological department of the Government of Rajasthan maintains the Hawa Mahal Jaipur. In the year 2005, after a long gap of about 50 years, the palace was renovated and renovated on a large scale, at an estimated cost of Rs 45679 lakh. Some corporate houses are also now coming forward to maintain Jaipur’s archaeological monuments, an example being the “Unit Trust of India” which took the lead in maintaining the Hawa Mahal.

Built of lime, red and pink sandstone, this palace is situated on the main road in the heart of the business center of Jaipur. It is part of the City Palace itself and extends to the Zenana Room or the Women’s Room. The golden light of the sun in the morning? I give it a unique feeling watching it shine

- Advertisement -spot_img


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Read More